Texas Commission on the Arts
The Texas Arts Plan

Glossary

ACCESS ACCOMMODATIONS
Accommodations (such as auxiliary aids, barrier removal, and specialized services) that ensure that individuals with disabilities affecting hearing, vision, speech, cognition, or physical movement are provided with the means to communicate and participate equally.
ARTIST
A practitioner of the visual, performing, literary, media, craft, and/or folk arts.
AUDIT
A formal examination and subsequent financial report and management letter of the grantee's account books or financial situation performed by a Certified Public Accountant or auditing firm.
AUTHORIZED OFFICIAL
A principal of an organization with legal authority to certify information and sign contracts for the organization; he/she must guarantee the compliance of the organization with the Texas Commission on the Arts' legal requirements prior to issuance of payment.
BIENNIUM
A period of two years. For TCA purposes, these are the two fiscal years corresponding to TCA's legislative appropriation from September 1 of an odd-numbered year to August 31 of the next odd-numbered year.
COLONIA
In Texas, colonia refers to a residential area along the Texas-Mexico border that lacks basic infrastructure such as water and sewer systems, electricity, paved roads, and safe and sanitary housing. There are more than 2,200 recognized colonias in Texas.
COMPANY
A company is an arts and cultural organization that does not have a 501(c)(3) nonprofit determination from the IRS.
COMPLETED FISCAL YEAR
TCA recognizes that each organization has its own fiscal year. In TCA’s process, organizations submit information regarding their most recently completed fiscal year as of the application deadline.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
A circumstance such as employment, board membership, or other personal interest that influences an individual’s ability, or the perception of their ability, to perform their duties without bias or prejudice.
CULTURAL DISTRICTS
Special zones that harness the power of cultural resources to stimulate economic development and community revitalization. These districts can become focal points for generating businesses, attracting tourists, stimulating cultural development and fostering civic pride.
CULTURAL TOURISM
Travel dedicated toward experiencing the arts, heritage, and character of a place.
DESIGNATION PROGRAM
A competitive program that does not award grant dollars, but a designation or title.
DIRECT DEPOSIT
The process of receiving grant money by electronic transfer that will be applied immediately to an organization's bank account.
DISABILITY
A physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more "major life activities".
DUNS NUMBER
The DUNS (Data Universal Numbering System) number is a unique nine character identification number widely used by both commercial and federal entities. To learn more, visit the DUNS number information page.
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
Projects that use art to diversify local economies, generate revenue, and attract visitors and investment.
ECONOMIC IMPACT
The financial affect an activity, event, effort, or industry has on a specified geographic area or population.
EQUITY PLAN
The mandate that states that TCA must employ an equitable procedure for awarding grant funds.
ESTABLISHED ARTS ORGANIZATION
An arts organization that has their 501(c)(3) status from the IRS, a cash operating budget of $50,000 or more for the past two years as demonstrated by their two most recently filed IRS Form 990s, and a mission statement that clearly speaks to the arts.
EVALUATION PANEL REVIEW
Applications are reviewed by panels comprising arts administrators, artists, educators, board members, and community development professionals. Each panel must have broad disciplinary, ethnically-specific/minority, and geographic representation.
EVALUATOR
An individual with expertise who serves on a panel and evaluates applications.
FOLK ARTS
Arts and artists that reflect creative forms passed down from one generation to the next without aid of official or institutional instruction, usually by word-of-mouth or by example. Folk arts are also a recognized and honored tradition within a performer's or craftperson's particular ethnic group or community, and members of a particular group recognize the folk artist's song, art, craft, or skill as part of their culture.
IRS LETTER OF DETERMINATION
A letter that is issued to an organization by the IRS granting non-profit status. For more information, please see the IRS website at www.irs.gov or call toll-free 1-800-829-3676.
LETTER OF COMMITMENT
A letter from an organization indicating its specific role and commitment in a collaborative project. The letter should clearly specify the resources that the organization is committing.
LETTER OF INTENT
A letter to the Commission from an organization stating the intent to apply to a grant program.
LIFELONG LEARNING
The provision for continuous training and learning opportunities both inside and outside the academic environment.
LOCAL ARTS AGENCY
An organization whose primary purpose is to provide coordination, services, hotel/motel tax distribution/subgranting and developmental planning to the arts industry in their community.
MEDIA/MULTIMEDIA ORGANIZATIONS
An arts organization whose primary media is film, video, radio, and interactive computer program development.
MID-AMERICA ARTS ALLIANCE (M-AAA)
A regional arts organization serving Texas. Texas organizations and artists may apply for regional touring financial and technical assistance.
MINORITY
In accordance with the US Office of Management and Budget, an individual from one of the following ethnic heritages: American Indian/Alaskan Native; Asian; Pacific Islander; Black, not Hispanic; Hispanic.
MULTIRACIAL
People who belong to two or more of the federally designated racial categories: American Indian or Alaska Native; Asian; Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander; Black or African American; or Hispanic or Latino; White.
MULTI-YEAR GRANT
Grant programs with an application deadline occurring once every two years.
NEA
The National Endowment for the Arts, the national arts agency that disperses federal grants to organizations and states. You can reach them by phone: 202/682-5400 or via their website www.arts.gov.
ONLINE SUBMISSION
Applications filled out and submitted through a form on a website.
PRESENTER
An organization that brings in performing and/or literary artists for the benefit of their community. A presenter can range from large performing arts centers in major urban cities, outdoor festivals and rural community-focused organizations to academic institutions, university student groups, museums, performing arts organizations, and chambers of commerce.
PRIORITY AREA
Every two years, the Governor of Texas issues a list of priority areas for the state of Texas. All state agencies must align their programs within those priority areas.
PRODUCER
An organization or individual that packages, organizes, originates and otherwise creates a production or exhibition for presentation to the public. The producer's role usually includes financing, casting, curating, and other behind-the-scenes decisions and responsibilities.
PROFESSIONAL
A person who is paid for his or her expertise, skills and talent. This term does not include amateurs, knowledgeable lay persons, or recognized experts who do not receive fees.
PUBLIC SERVICE
A service performed for the benefit of the public, especially by a nonprofit organization.
QUARTERLY GRANT
Grant programs with application deadline occurring 4 times a year.
RESIDENCY
A specified time period during which a professional artist, contracted by a school or an arts organization, provides services supplemental to existing educational programs and community outreach.
RURAL
A county which, under the US Office of Management and Budget classification scheme for rural counties. A current list of these counties can be found here.
SEMI-ANNUAL GRANT
Grant programs with application deadline occurring twice a year.
TITLE 1 SCHOOLS
Title 1 schools are K-12 public schools that receive federal assistance for serving predominantly low income students. The Title 1 designation is determined by a federal formula based on census poverty estimates and the local cost of education.
UNINCORPORATED ORGANIZATION
An organization that has not been incorporated in accordance with the laws of Texas or any other state.

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